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Helmet cells
Heteromorphous Arthrogony
Infested RBC’s
Isomorphous Arthrogony
Medusa’s Heads
Myascit (see Simple Tubules)
Myscit (see Simple Tubules)

a Helmet cells: RBCs that have become folded and damaged, often as a result of the handling of the slide preparation.

Classical darkfield analysis teaches that helmet cells can also appear when dioekothecits have developed within the RBCs and  have damaged the membrane when exiting the cell.

When present in plain blood in significant numbers, consider metabolic blockages, intestinal dysbiosis and/or mycosis (fungal infection, ed.), electrolyte insufficiency, reduced enzymatic activity, and lack of sufficient essential fatty acids. (1) (Photograph courtesy of Anna Salanti)

Hemicyclomorpha: (plural) the Dimychoten cycle. (3)

Heteromorphous Arthrogony: a morphologically nonequivalent fission. Auxanogeny recedes into the background relative to Probaenogeny (e.g. Gonidie formation in the Ascit). (3)

Holocyclomorpha: (plural) the Dimychoten cycle. (3)

a Infested RBC’s or Parasitized RBCs: cells that are infected with rod forms and embryonic bacteria. They can be both  internally parasitized and /or have invisible spindle threads in the membrane. Healthy RBCs will not present this type of degeneration and progression, even when they are isopathically provoked, mechanically stressed, or aged. With this level of infestation, you should explore for catabolic or anabolic imbalance, and consider including intracellular detoxification in the treatment plan. In addition to Mucokehl and Alkala, Vitamin A, Vitamin B, flora inoculation, and spleen glandular may be helpful.(1) (Photograph courtesy of Anna Salanti)

Isomorphous Arthrogony: a morphologically nonequivalent fission. Auxanogeny recedes into the background relative to Probaenogeny (e.g. Gonidie formation in the Ascit). (3)

Isostatic: an isostatic colony is one consisting of individuals belonging to a single cyclostage. (See Mixostatic)  (3)

Isozygy: the simultaneous occurrence of Mychomitosis and the subsequent events of both Mych of a Dimychit or a Dimychose. (3)

Leukocytes: white blood cells (WBCs)

a Lymphocytes: Visual microscopy, whether darkfield, brightfield, or phase contrast, cannot reveal the many varieties and  functions of lymphocytes. Specific chemical messengers that interact with specialized cell surface receptors mediate most of the complex tasks these WBCs perform.

The major observations we can make in darkfield are to distinguish between B-lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes based on their size, and to determine whether our DIAD reactions strongly cause lymphocytes to degrade or change in some way.

T-lymphocytes are slightly smaller than RBCs - while B-lymphocytes are about the same size, or a little larger. Each type of lymphocyte should be approximately round, show a well-defined border with no gaps to the large, central nucleus, and should be free of fringes or projections. (1)

(Photograph of T-Lymphocytes courtesy of Anna Salanti)

Macrogonidie (Cohn 1870): a Gonidie with a larger amount of cytoplasm, hence with a larger diameter (See Microgonidie). (3)

Macrosymprotits: a large conglomerate of symprotits, which are surrounded by reserve substances and are exceptionally  large spheres of purely nucleic protein. They are a cell-wall deficient form that can often be clearly visible in the RBC  membranes. It is believed that these intermediate forms are independently related to acute and chronic infection. (1)

a Medusa’s Heads: (See also Radial Tubules) a very clear sign of strong EcoBiotic imbalance. While Naessens describes this as a true fungal form, within the context of DIAD, we have a different theory based on thousands of observations.

In a disturbed field, it is common for many RBCs to develop shiny, bulls-eye centers. While classical hematology attributes this codocyte form to a lack of pigmentation, our observations suggest that in the inner section, where the concave front and back of the RBC are closest, fibers are able to form, eventually fusing the front and back of the corpuscle into a sclerotic, semi-crystalline disk. The RBC then becomes a circular tube around a solid core. When the RBC breaks, the central disk, with attached fibers is freed, forming either a short stranded fila form, or, in more severe cases, the highly developed Medusa’s heads. (1) (Photograph courtesy of Anna Salanti)

Megacaryocyte (histology): a special instance of the Syncytits (megalokaryocytic component). (3)

Mesogonidie: an Ascogonidie at the inner end of one or both halves of a Displascit. (3)

Metamychota: (plural) a group encompassing all organisms constructed or assembled out of the cellular units Athrit, Pliathrit,  Synathrit or assembled out of Cytit, Pliocytit or Syncytit (protazoans, protophytes, metazoans, metaphytes). (3)

Metastasis: the placement of one Cyclode segment (Cyclostage, Formante) behind another Cyclode segment. (3)

a Microcytes: small, degenerate RBC forms.(Photograph courtesy of Anna Salanti)

Microgonidie: a Gonidie with a smaller amount of cytoplasm, hence with a smaller diameter (See Macrogonidie). (3)

Miotrophit: a bacterial cell in a Cyclostage with few (heavily staining) Trophoconies and other nutrients (lipids, nucleic acids, etc.). In stained preparations, it appears less pale than the Atrophit. (3)

Miotrophosis: weak presence of the heavily staining nutrients (lipids, nucleic acids, etc.) in the bacterial body. (3)

Mixostatic: a mixostatic colony is one with individuals belonging to more than one Cyclostage. (See Isostatic)  (3)

Mochlolysis: any cancellation of Mochlosis with metastatic orientation of the resulting Cyclostages. Natural Mochlolysis is that which occurs naturally or due to unknown factors; artificial Mochlolysis is induced by artificial conditional factors. (3)

Mochlosis: a more or less forceful interruption of Probaenogeny and exclusive predominance of Auxanogeny. (3)

a Monocytes: account for about 4% of the total WBCs. They are macrophagic, activated by T-lymphocytes and can indicate infection in raised numbers. (2) (Photograph courtesy of Anna Salanti)

Monomychota: (plural) the phylum of the Mychoten, encompassing all forms that never proceed beyond Mychit and Diplomychit in their development. Therefore, the formation of Didimychits and Syndimychits never occurs. (3)

Monosporit: a Sporit produced in isolation, hence the Sporit of a Dimychit. (3)

Myascit: (See Simple Tubules)

a Mycascit: an Ascit, which has grown especially long and filamentous. (3)

Mych: the proto-nucleus, the carrier of life in the Mychit (the primordial cell). It contains very little to no chromatin and is only slightly more heavily staining (e.g. with fuchsin) than the cytoplasm; with methylene blue mostly non-staining. In the Pliomychit,  because of the heavy stainability of the cytoplasm and the yolk elements (reserve materials, Trophoconies) surrounding the  Mych, it is usually not possible to make it visible, but its presence and location is indicated by the normally strong clustering of Trophoconies into Trophosoms and Trophosomelles. In the Mychit, especially of the Gonidies, Gonits and atrophic Mychits, as well as Spermit and Oit, it is clearly visible. The diameter is 1/1000 to 1/4000 mm (0.1 - 0.025). (3)

Mychin: the material of the Mych as a physical concept (not chemical). (3)

Mychit: (See Simple Tubules) the primordial cell; a cell with only a single Mych. This includes all individuals of the Monomychoten as well as all monomych reproductive bodies of the Dimychoten (Gonidies, Mychits of the Basits). The Mychit is the morphological base unit of the bacteria and is spherical. (3)

Mychomere: the semivalent proto-nucleus (Mych) of the Gonit (derived from the Gonidie by expulsion and dissolution of the second half of the proto-nucleus) as well as the Spermit and Oit. (3) (See also Spermit.)

Mychomerit: a Mychit (primordial cell) with a semivalent Mych (Mychomere), i.e. Gonit, Spermit, and Oit. (3) (See also Spermit.)

Mychomit: the filament of the proto-nucleus; it is the filamentous part between the two partial Mychs of the fission process. It is fairly short and somewhat bent. (3)

Mychomitosis: the preparation for splitting a Mych in two by the construction of a Mychozyg (proto-nuclear arch). (3)

Mychose: as opposed to a free Mychit, one forming a unit with a Dimychit or a Dimychose. (3)

Mychostasis: the distance between the centers of the two Mych in Dimychit and Dimychose. (See Eurystatic and Stenostatic)  (3)

Mychota: (plural) kingdom of the Protomychota. (3)

Mychozyg: the proto-nuclear arch; it is the segmenting body of Mychomitosis. It consists of the two daughters Mych and the Mychomit holding them together (proto-nuclear). (3)

Myscit: (See Simple Tubules)


1. Quoted from and Copyright © 1999 - 2002 Stuart Grace

2. Quoted from Michael Coyle at NuLife Sciences

3. Quoted from introductory glossary to Blood Examination in Darkfield according Prof. Gunther Enderlein, by Dr.Maria M. Bleker


Elements of Comparitive Morphology of Bacteria ©Copyright 1955 for the Estate of Professor Dr. Günther Enderlein,  Germany; excerpted from the book, "Bacteria Cyclogeny" by Professor Dr. Günther Enderlein (English version) (Explore Issue: Volume 11, Number 4)


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