PART V: N-R
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Within the context of EcoBiotics, we suspect that some colloidal aggregates carry “free provons” not fully integrated into their structure. These provons then serve as sites for the collection and organization of additional provons and other materials within the blood, to build new offshoots, creating articulated strands from which new arms can grow.
a Neutrophils: leukocytes (white blood cells) that are considered viable if they are highly mobile and have two or more to five or less nuclei and represent 60% to 70% of the total leukocytes. The lobes of the nuclei are connected. The granules are smaller and less reflective than the eosinophils and basophils, and they are (should be) highly phagocytic. They spend six to 12 hours in blood circulation before migrating to the tissues for and additional two to four days. Hypersegmentation of 5% or more indicates B-12/Folic Acid deficiency, malabsorption and renal problems. (2)
Oit: the unfertilized bacterial egg, i.e. the female Mychomerit. It consists of a more or less large cytoplasmic sphere with parietal Mychomer that protrudes somewhat nipple-like from the surface of the sphere. (3)
Ovalocytes: are related to B-12/Folic Acid imbalance, endocrine disorders or hormonal imbalance. Stomach, liver and duodenum glandular, folic acid, B-Complex, Brewers yeast, lactobacillus, spirulina, and green leafy vegetables may be beneficial. (1)
Parasitized RBC’s: (see Infested RBC’s)
a Parietal ascit: In some exceptional cases, the process of tubular development can take place within the RBC. This gives rise to the kind of projection seen in this DIAD image, referred to as a “parietal ascit.” A more common form is the acanthocyte - a Red Blood Cell studded with numerous spherical forms. Typically, the acanthocytic spheres show little if any continued development. However, when the blood shows this type of projecting tubule, we usually see additional progression when the blood is stressed. (1)
Phagocytes: Phagocytic white blood cells, including neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils, should have well defined but highly flexible boundaries, and should be free to move through the blood in response to chemical signals. This process is called chemotaxis - or “chemical touch,” and is really an extremely sophisticated sensory apparatus by which the WBCs communicate with their environment.
Neutrophils have small, irregular granules that should move very quickly. Eosinophils have larger, almost round granules that move more slowly, while basophils have large, donut-like granules that move slowly and show a salmon colored cast in darkfield.
When vital, these WBCs move through the blood with a smooth, slithering motion and constantly change their shape. They can extend pseudopods, projections of their membranes that can surround pathogens and other unwanted materials. (1)
Phytit: (See Simple Tubules)
a Platelets: natural, formed elements of the blood that assist in the process of clotting. Platelets, also known as thrombocytes, develop from specialized blood cells in the marrow called megakaryocytes. The megakaryocyte expands as the thrombocytic material inside develops, and eventually, the cell shatters, producing a cluster of randomly shaped platelets.
A normal platelet is a small, almost cloud-like form that is much smaller than an RBC - perhaps 2 or 3 microns in its largest dimension. Normal platelet sometimes shows one or more points near the center, and may also show a few projecting filaments. Under optimal conditions of the EcoBiotic Terrain, there should only be one platelet for several hundred RBCs. (1)
Pleomorphic Provolution: the third and regenerative phase of the organism's evolution. (1)
a Poikilocytes: “bottle cap” shaped RBCs where the integrity of the RBC membrane has been severely disturbed.
Improper handling of the slide preparation, from free radical activity, can create poikilocytes or from RBCs that have been overloaded with saturated lipids in their membranes. RBC membranes consist of a phospholipid bi-layer with an underlying protein grid, called the cytoskeleton. If the body does not have enough highly flexible, unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids available, rigid, saturated lipids are incorporated into the membrane instead. This reduces the ability of the cell to exchange critical nutrients, wastes, and protective products.
A poikilocyte is an alteration of red blood cell shape. This is usually the first manifestation of red blood cell pathologies. Possible causes can be free radical damage, poor food assimilation, and metal or chemical toxicity. This blood picture can also be observed in cases of fermentation of toxins in the liver. (1) (Photograph courtesy of Anna Salanti)
Polycaryon (Hartmann 1909): a nucleus consisting of two or more polyenergetic combined Caryons. (Hartmann uses this designation for Polycaryon and Synathron; since he also gives examples for each in his publication (p. 504) - megalonuclei in tumors, many leukocyte nuclei - these have been established as types. Polycaryon is therefore defined in the restricted sense.) (3)
Polydyname: a cell with a polyvalent nucleus. (3)
Probasit (see Basit)
Probaenogeny: bacteria multiply sexually after preliminary nuclear fusion.(4)
a Progressing Spheres: In this image, simple spheres have begun to develop a series of points moving over their surfaces. In general, this is a sign that the internal EcoBiotic Terrain is ripe for progression to potentially pathogenic forms. However, if the blood picture of a given slide stabilizes at this level and shows no further signs of advancement - either in terms of elongation or the development of discrete tubular forms - this suggests that either:
a Protein linkage: resembles lemons on a string; these RBCs are hooked into long or short chains.
When the tissues of the body become too acidic, the blood becomes highly buffered with bicarbonate ions to compensate. This compensatory alkalemia causes the electrically charged RBCs to cling together, resulting in a variety of massed forms.
When primitive endobiotic forms stay in contact within the cell surfaces, they begin to join into colonies that link the RBCs together, like Velcro.
Linkage may also indicate poor protein or fat utilization. Often, the linkage is very tenacious. However, if the cells easily come apart, their linkage may be due to hormonal influences or the impact of a recent meal. It is related to digestive insufficiency, excess protein consumption, imbalanced electrolytes and trace minerals, inability to assimilate lipids, and hormonal imbalances.(1) (Photograph courtesy of Anna Salanti)
a Protits:, myacits (myscits or mychits), and thecits are of the regulatory phase of pleomorphism. They are apathogenic and indicative of the system’s capacity to mount a defense. The thecit represents the primary form of bacterial cell. It is not considered pathogenic until it develops into the chondro-thecit. (1) (Photograph courtesy of Anna Salanti)
a Protit veil: the presence of free colloids over the entire field of view. This indicates a very high alkalinity. It is considered of little value to apply isopathic remedies under theses circumstances without adjusting the pH as the spermits will be immediately degraded into free colloids. (1)
a Protoplasts: are bacterial or fungal cells with plasma membrane, but without a rigid wall.(Photograph courtesy of Anna Salanti)
Pseudomochlosis: persisting in a Cyclostage, not due to an interruption (Mochlosis) of the Probaenogeny, but rather as a result of the creation of polydynamic or multivalent fructifications, this taking its course entirely in a single individual. Examples: Corynobacterium diptheriae (Löffl.) (Cystite, Arthrothecit) and Schaudinnum Enderl. (Endothecit). (3)
a Pteroharpen: are pseudo-crystalline, dry, protein formations. They represent a strong circulatory hindrance and are found in the presence of predominately higher endobioses. They are cell wall-deficient forms and are ravenous devourers of amino acids. This condition is related to undigested proteins. Balancing the pH, diet if indicated, or proteolytic enzyme therapy is suggested. (1)
a Radial Tubules: Like the branched synascit, this complex tubular form is among the highest expressions of pleomorphic development in the blood. These radial synascits grow multiple lobes from a common center - often extending from the center of a highly infested Red Blood Cell. When the blood shows a high number of codocytes (RBCs with shimmering bulls-eye patterns --see Radial Tubules and Target Cells) or especially a high number of speculocytes (ultra-brilliantly reflective RBCs) there is a strong tendency to create radial synascits like these. When the EcoBiotic Terrain is somewhat less disturbed, the same infested RBCs centers will form “Medusa’s Heads” - central disks with projecting filaments instead of tubules. (1)
RBC Aggregation: (See Erythrocyte Aggregation)
a Rouleau: the stacking together of RBCs. It is related to imbalanced electrostatic properties, pH imbalance, extreme digestive insufficiency, chronic organic degenerative disease, or advanced endobioses. The sticking together of RBCs can be caused by mental or physical stress. The resultant loss of oxygen carrying surface area of the RBC and consequent inadequate circulation of the blood, which is associated with this condition, decreases the delivery of both oxygen and nutrients to the cells. When the rouleau and filit fibrin are everywhere in the sample, the individual is most likely in need of drainage first. (1) (Photograph courtesy of Anna Salanti)
1. Quoted from and Copyright © 1999 - 2002 Stuart Grace
3. Quoted from introductory glossary to Blood Examination in Darkfield according Prof. Gunther Enderlein, by Dr.Maria M. Bleker
4. Quoted from “Polymorphic Symbionts as Potential Cofactors in Cancer Processes”,Copyright 1997 by Karl Windstosser, (Explore Issue: Volume 7, Number 6)
Elements of Comparitive Morphology of Bacteria ©Copyright 1955 for the Estate of Professor Dr. Günther Enderlein, Germany; excerpted from the book, "Bacteria Cyclogeny" by Professor Dr. Günther Enderlein (English version) (Explore Issue: Volume 11, Number 4)